MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery and it is the term that is used for those students who are pursuing the five year degree programme in medicine. The word MBBS is the short form of the latin word Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae.

MBBS Highlights

Course Name

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery










10+2 with physics, chemistry and biology


5.5 years

Average Fee

Rs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000

Average Salary

Rs. 360,000 per annum

Career Opportunities

Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist

Advantages of MBBS

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is a highly competitive programme as the admissions are offered on the basis of rank acquired in NEET examination. Lakhs of students appear every year in NEET examination. Several students take a year off from their academic year to prepare for NEET examination to get admission in the prestigious medical colleges of India. Successful completion of MBBS opens numerous opportunities for a medical career in the healthcare industry. Candidates can opt for a MS, MD or DNB in any related specialisation after successful completion of an MBBS programme. They can opt for numerous careers such as general surgeon, endocrinologist, pathologist, neurologist, physician, ENT specialist, cardiologist and oncologist.

Types of MBBS

BMBS is a professional undergrad degree in the surgical and medical field, awarded by medical colleges and universities. However, as the name implies, Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery are two different degrees but are merged in one discipline and presented together in practice. The length of the MBBS degree includes the internship, and the degree is of five to six years. The candidates need to study physics, chemistry, biology, and English at the 10+2 level are eligible to apply for this programme. MBBS degree is a graduate degree for candidates who seek to pursue their goal of being a physician. Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree is one of the best professional degrees in science and medicine. The length of the MBBS course is five years and one year of internship in the nonprofit organization, medical centres and rehabilitation centres.

MBBS Eligibility

Applicants must meet the eligibility requirements for a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS) or MBBS degree. Candidates also should be aware of the basic requirements needed for pursuing a bachelor’s degree in medicine and a bachelor’s degree in surgery, including the course understanding. These are the necessary eligibility requirements that the students must follow to obtain MBBS admission:

  • The minimum marks criteria may differ, although, in the intermediate test, general applicants should have scored at least 50 per cent marks.
  • The minimum age requirement is 17 years to register for the MBBS programme.
  • Applicants will have to pass the entrance examination needed for admissions.
  • Applicants should have done at least 10 + 2 with mandatory subjects Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
  • The minimum percentage for eligible candidates to the reserved category is 40 per cent.
  • The maximum age restriction for applying for MBBS program is 25 years.

MBBS Admissions

There are various ways of enrolling students in the MBBS program provided by various institutions and schools. In the Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery programmes, educational institutions use various methodologies to enrol applicants. To receive an MBBS degree, applicants must follow the different strategies with a thorough understanding from which they must then achieve university admissions. The various methods by which candidates may become admitted to this degree are described below.

Entrance exams: The most common method for approving candidates is an entrance examination used by colleges and universities. Aspiring students sit for different entrance exams to earn a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS) degree. The results obtained in these exams allow the students to apply to high-ranking universities offering such degrees.

Merit-based: There are colleges and universities in these courses, which offer candidates admissions based on the marks achieved in 10 + 2. The eligibility criteria based on competencies gained in 10 + 2. These colleges often take students using their cut-off lists. But the number of these colleges are very less in numbers and the entrance exam is must for this particular degree.

Top MBBS Exams

A few universities conduct entrance examinations for Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS). Selection for this degree in some major universities is based on the total marks in the final year of school and on the entrance exam.

National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam (NEET): NEET-UG (National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam for Undergraduate Courses) is the criteria for enrollment to the MBBS degree. NEET-UG is the common all-India entry-level foundation for admissions amongst all medical universities and colleges all around the world. Each and every applicant who aspires to be recruited to MBBS must apply for the National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam-UG.

Previously there was an exception for admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS because these educational institutions seemed to undertake their own entrance examinations. But meanwhile, those examinations have also been eliminated.

MBBS Courses

The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS) or Baccalaureus Medicinae, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (MBBS) degree programme is a national undergraduate specialist graduate degree programme for medical aspiring candidates. This programme allows for interested and eligible candidates to study medicine and surgery in the country. The length of the MBBS course is five and a half years, with a one-year internship.

MBBS Specialisations

The university aims to provide all students with a modern, growth-driven education through its degree programs. The Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery degree allow the graduates eligible for the market is the world’s current scenario. Throughout India, there is a tremendous demand in the medical industry among medical practitioners as there are fewer employment opportunities in the marketplace and the number of doctors is much greater than it is. Earning a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS / MBBS) degree offers students the opportunity to achieve their objective in the medical and healthcare industries.

  • Ophthalmology
  • General Medicine
  • Orthopaedics
  • General Surgery
  • Anaesthesiology
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Paediatrics
  • Dermatology
  • ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)

MBBS Syllabus

We have mentioned below MBBS syllabus. It may vary from college to college.

MBBS Salary

The average salary for MBBS of an aspirant varies gradually. The variation may vary due to the sector and firm of employment and candidate’s dedication and experience in the workplace. Below mentioned are the salary scale MBBS course as per the experience years.

Year-wise salary for MBBS

Experience (in years)

Salary scale from

Salary scale up to

0-6 years

3 to 4 lakh per annum

6 to 8 lakh per annum

6-12 years

8 to 10 lakh per annum

10 to 12 lakh per annum

12-20 years

12 to 15 lakh per annum

15 to 18 lakh per annum

Scope of MBBS

In the healthcare industry, MBBS students are highly focused. MBBS students have employment opportunities in both the government and private sectors. For these specialists, there are more than enough jobs available in the fields of biomedical companies, medical centres, healthcare facilities, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centres, private practice. MBBS is a medical degree on its own that enables graduates to prescribe drugs, and most participants choose to obtain a master’s degree in this area to become known physicians. There seem to be a number of choices available for MBBS students with both the development and commercialization of the healthcare industry.

The major recruitment agencies for MBBS candidates are Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Medanta Hospitals, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, Cipla Ltd, with positions available like Anesthetist, Cardiologist and much more.

Careers Opportunities after MBBS

Medical Officers: Medical officers are also regarded as chief medical officers are doctors who are mainly in charge of clinics. Such physicians strongly recommend as well as provide medical assistance, problem detecting, and instruct on medical conditions and illness control. Medical officers play an important role in supervising patient treatment and the duties of other medical professionals. When services are initially implemented, they can sometimes actively participate in the treatment. They may very well assist in assessing and diagnosing family and individual’s necessities and plans of treatment.

  • Medical Surgeon:The surgeon is liable for the patient’s essential diagnosis, conducting the surgery and providing continuous medical care and treatment for the patient. The surgeon is often regarded as the surgical team leader. Medical surgeons work to make sure collaboration and coordination among all the other leaders of the surgical team, usually requiring another surgeon or an assistant to the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and nursing staff in the operating theatre. Patients are operated by them to enhance or recover health, like repairing injury problems or preventing depression. They follow surgical procedures formed mostly during operating conditions.


  • General Physician:With an MBBS degree graduates can begin their careers as a general physician who researches, diagnoses and treats and cures patient diseases. A physician typically treats diseases in the early stage, but if the illness remains serious after identification, then perhaps the patient is referred to a specialised medical professional. General Physicians are professionally educated physicians who provide elderly patients with a variety of nonsurgical medical attention. They treat complicated, critical or severe health issues, and they proceed to serve the patient unless they have treated or healed such complications.
  • Physicians: Physicians work in many different forms to treat patients, from chronic disease diagnosis to recommendations on healthcare services. Whilst also physician’s areas of expertise can sometimes differ significantly, the similarity along all specialisations would be that physicians work primarily to identify and manage illnesses and injuries. Sometimes individuals do this by conducting screening tests, taking medical records, conducting and analysing diagnostic procedures and suggesting a course of treatment. Physicians require a different level of intelligence and education, generally including a bachelor’s degree, a medical school degree, and practice for a prolonged period of time.
  • Paediatrician:A medical practitioner is in charge of treating kids with the disease and diagnoses their overall development and growth. In order to test and monitor the health and regular physical performance, paediatricians perform regular detailed tests on babies and young children and observe children evaluate their health and inquire questions to collect knowledge regarding complications. They prescribe medicine and provide specific guidance about how to take it.
  • Dietician: Dieticians encourage wellness in patients or the public at large and develop a balanced nutrition plan for them. Dietitians focus on providing knowledge on nutrition and health and therefore helping people to stay healthy. Individuals give advice and recommendations relating to nutrition. Dietitians may also modify diet plans to help maintain conditions like allergies and intolerances to food. They educate individuals and organizations on fundamental principles of healthy nutrition, appropriate food choices, and controlling nutrition to enhance their quality of life. They track activities of the food service to ensure alignment with nutritional, health, sanitation and safety standards.

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) - Course Overview Duration: 
5 yrs |Mode: Regular|Avg. Fees: 6,00,000 / Year

About Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, popularly known as MBBS, is the most popular undergraduate medical programme in India. Medical aspirants across the country who aspire to become practising doctors in the field of allopathic medicine have to pursue the MBBS programme. The programme covers various fields of medicine and human anatomy to teach the students how to verify different diseases and cure them. The course also covers various specializations in the field of medicine to enable detailed learning in the area of student’s interest. Students can also choose to pursue a masters in this specialization.

MBBS Course Highlights

Course Name

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Short Name


Course Level


Course Type

Degree Programme

Course Duration

51/2 Years (41/2 Years of the Programme + 1 Year for Internship)

Course Mode

Full Time

Minimum Qualification Required


Selection Process

Entrance Exam

Course Fee

INR 25,000 per annum – INR 21 lakhs per annum

Relevant Field 


Average Annual Salary

INR 2.8 LPA – INR 65 LPA

Employment Sectors

Laboratories, Nursing Homes, Hospitals, Biomedical Companies, Health Centres, Biotechnology Companies, Pharmaceutical Companies

Popular MBBS Specialisations

  • General Medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • General Surgery
  • Orthopaedics
  • Paediatrics
  • ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Anaesthesiology

Key Skills Required for MBBS Course

  • Capacity for learning

  • Hardworking

  • Considerate

  • Professionalism

  • Resilience

  • Leadership skills

  • Quick thinking

  • Quick to find solutions

  • Teamworking skills

  • Quick decision-making skills

  • Attention to details

  • Emotional intelligence

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Good communication skills

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Eligibility Criteria

The Eligibility Criteria for MBBS course are as follows:

  • Candidates must have completed at least 10+2 level of education with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects. 

  • The minimum score requirement may vary but General candidates must have scored at least 50% marks in the Intermediate examination. 

  • For candidates belonging to the reserved category, the minimum percentage required is 40%. 

  • The lower age limit to apply for MBBS programme is 17 years. 

  • The upper age limit to apply for MBBS programme is 25 years 

  • Candidates must also have cracked the required entrance exam for the admissions. 

MBBS Admissions in India

One of the top courses in India is the MBBS programme offered in medical colleges across India. However, the vast number of aspirants are fighting for a limited number of medical seats in the medical colleges of India. To help ease the process of selecting the meritorious students across states in the country, the government has put in place one national-level entrance test for MBBS, i.e. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG) that all aspirants must clear, in order to pursue the programme anywhere in India.

In India, NEET-UG is the only accepted entrance test and mode of admission for all MBBS courses across the MBBS colleges in the nation. Therefore, any student who wishes to pursue the course must ensure that they secure a good rank in NEET-UG of the respective year of admission. Check out the steps and processes in the NEET-UG admission processes followed across India.

NEET-UG Admission Process for MBBS courses in India

  • For MBBS admissions through NEET-UG, candidates will be asked to apply for the entrance test within the stipulated date and time. The application forms can be filled in and submitted on the official website of the National Testing Agency (NTA), examination-conducting body for NEET-UG.

  • After the application form has been submitted and all other requisites have been completed, which include online correction of NEET-UG forms, the candidates will be called to participate in the entrance test.

  • With the appropriate NEET-UG admit card in hand along with other important documents, the candidates will be allowed to attempt the entrance test and take their chance at grabbing a prestigious MBBS seat in one of the renowned MBBS colleges of India

  • After attempting the entrance test, the NEET-UG results will be released and subsequently merit lists containing the names of all candidates in the order of merit.

  • After the examinations, candidates can opt for applying for AIQ and/or State Quota, wherein, they will be able to apply to the medical colleges across India or in their respective choice of state.

  • The Medical Counselling Committee will release the AIQ merit lists of all candidates, meanwhile, the Directorate of Medical Education of each state will release the merit lists pertaining to the respective states alone.

  • To sit for the All India Quota conducted by the MCC, the candidates will be required to register themselves and apply for the counselling processes. Once, registered, candidates must log in to the website and fill in their choices for the college and course.

  • To help confirm their choices, mock seat allotment processes will be conducted for the student, to gauge if they will be able to receive a seat at the preferred choice of college.

  • Once confirmed, the students will be asked to lock their choices and wait for the seat allotment processes. These choices once locked will not be changed at a further stage.

Note: The students will also be able to select the State Counselling Process as well, however, each State and its Directorate of Medical Education will its requirements as per their situation. Students can check out the State-wise NEET-UG-based counselling processes on CollegeDekho as well.

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Syllabus

  • Phase


    Subjects Covered


    1st and 2nd Semester

    Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology


    3rd, 4th and 5th Semester

    Community Medicine, Microbiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Pharmacology, Clinical postings in wards, OPDs


    6th, 7th, 8th and 9th Semester

    Community Medicine, Obst. Gynae, Medicine and Allied Subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Pediatrics Surgery and Allied Subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics), Clinical Postings

Career Options and Job Prospects

MBBS in itself is a medical degree that enables you to practice medicine, however, most students prefer to pursue a masters in this field in order to become recognized doctors. With the commercialisation of the medical profession, there are a lot of jobs available for MBBS graduates as well. Students pursuing this course can look forward to jobs in different hospitals or can start their private clinics after graduation. Following are popular job profiles and employment areas available after an MBBS:

Employment Areas
  • Hospitals

  • Nursing Homes

  • Laboratories

  • Medical Colleges

  • Biomedical Companies

  • Health Centres

  • Personal Clinic

  • Research Laboratories

  • Biotechnology Companies

  • Pharmaceutical Companies

Job Profiles
  • Junior Doctor

  • Physician

  • Junior Surgeon

  • Doctor

  • Scientist

  • Researcher

  • Medical Professor

  • Lecturer

  • Cardiologist

  • Neurologist

  • General Surgeon

  • Paediatrician

Top Recruiters
  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd

  • Medanta Hospitals

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd

  • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital

  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd

  • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre

  • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd

  • Wockhardt Ltd

  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd

  • Cipla Ltd

  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals

Salary After MBBS

  • The pay scale or salary after MBBS course depends on one’s experience in the field, their job role, the organisation they are working with and skills.

  • The starting salary of an MBBS graduate can range from INR 2.4 LPA to INR 5.7 LPA.

  • For someone at a senior position, the salary can range from INR 12.8 LPA to INR 65.4 LPA.