Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) - Course Overview Duration: 
5 yrs |Mode: Regular|Avg. Fees: 6,00,000 / Year

About Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, popularly known as MBBS, is the most popular undergraduate medical programme in India. Medical aspirants across the country who aspire to become practising doctors in the field of allopathic medicine have to pursue the MBBS programme. The programme covers various fields of medicine and human anatomy to teach the students how to verify different diseases and cure them. The course also covers various specializations in the field of medicine to enable detailed learning in the area of student’s interest. Students can also choose to pursue a masters in this specialization.

MBBS Course Highlights

Course Name

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Short Name


Course Level


Course Type

Degree Programme

Course Duration

51/2 Years (41/2 Years of the Programme + 1 Year for Internship)

Course Mode

Full Time

Minimum Qualification Required


Selection Process

Entrance Exam

Course Fee

INR 25,000 per annum – INR 21 lakhs per annum

Relevant Field 


Average Annual Salary

INR 2.8 LPA – INR 65 LPA

Employment Sectors

Laboratories, Nursing Homes, Hospitals, Biomedical Companies, Health Centres, Biotechnology Companies, Pharmaceutical Companies

Popular MBBS Specialisations

  • General Medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • General Surgery
  • Orthopaedics
  • Paediatrics
  • ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Anaesthesiology

Key Skills Required for MBBS Course

  • Capacity for learning

  • Hardworking

  • Considerate

  • Professionalism

  • Resilience

  • Leadership skills

  • Quick thinking

  • Quick to find solutions

  • Teamworking skills

  • Quick decision-making skills

  • Attention to details

  • Emotional intelligence

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Good communication skills

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Eligibility Criteria

The Eligibility Criteria for MBBS course are as follows:

  • Candidates must have completed at least 10+2 level of education with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects. 

  • The minimum score requirement may vary but General candidates must have scored at least 50% marks in the Intermediate examination. 

  • For candidates belonging to the reserved category, the minimum percentage required is 40%. 

  • The lower age limit to apply for MBBS programme is 17 years. 

  • The upper age limit to apply for MBBS programme is 25 years 

  • Candidates must also have cracked the required entrance exam for the admissions. 

MBBS Admissions in India

One of the top courses in India is the MBBS programme offered in medical colleges across India. However, the vast number of aspirants are fighting for a limited number of medical seats in the medical colleges of India. To help ease the process of selecting the meritorious students across states in the country, the government has put in place one national-level entrance test for MBBS, i.e. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG) that all aspirants must clear, in order to pursue the programme anywhere in India.

In India, NEET-UG is the only accepted entrance test and mode of admission for all MBBS courses across the MBBS colleges in the nation. Therefore, any student who wishes to pursue the course must ensure that they secure a good rank in NEET-UG of the respective year of admission. Check out the steps and processes in the NEET-UG admission processes followed across India.

NEET-UG Admission Process for MBBS courses in India

  • For MBBS admissions through NEET-UG, candidates will be asked to apply for the entrance test within the stipulated date and time. The application forms can be filled in and submitted on the official website of the National Testing Agency (NTA), examination-conducting body for NEET-UG.

  • After the application form has been submitted and all other requisites have been completed, which include online correction of NEET-UG forms, the candidates will be called to participate in the entrance test.

  • With the appropriate NEET-UG admit card in hand along with other important documents, the candidates will be allowed to attempt the entrance test and take their chance at grabbing a prestigious MBBS seat in one of the renowned MBBS colleges of India

  • After attempting the entrance test, the NEET-UG results will be released and subsequently merit lists containing the names of all candidates in the order of merit.

  • After the examinations, candidates can opt for applying for AIQ and/or State Quota, wherein, they will be able to apply to the medical colleges across India or in their respective choice of state.

  • The Medical Counselling Committee will release the AIQ merit lists of all candidates, meanwhile, the Directorate of Medical Education of each state will release the merit lists pertaining to the respective states alone.

  • To sit for the All India Quota conducted by the MCC, the candidates will be required to register themselves and apply for the counselling processes. Once, registered, candidates must log in to the website and fill in their choices for the college and course.

  • To help confirm their choices, mock seat allotment processes will be conducted for the student, to gauge if they will be able to receive a seat at the preferred choice of college.

  • Once confirmed, the students will be asked to lock their choices and wait for the seat allotment processes. These choices once locked will not be changed at a further stage.

Note: The students will also be able to select the State Counselling Process as well, however, each State and its Directorate of Medical Education will its requirements as per their situation. Students can check out the State-wise NEET-UG-based counselling processes on CollegeDekho as well.

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Syllabus

  • Phase


    Subjects Covered


    1st and 2nd Semester

    Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology


    3rd, 4th and 5th Semester

    Community Medicine, Microbiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Pharmacology, Clinical postings in wards, OPDs


    6th, 7th, 8th and 9th Semester

    Community Medicine, Obst. Gynae, Medicine and Allied Subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Pediatrics Surgery and Allied Subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics), Clinical Postings

Career Options and Job Prospects

MBBS in itself is a medical degree that enables you to practice medicine, however, most students prefer to pursue a masters in this field in order to become recognized doctors. With the commercialisation of the medical profession, there are a lot of jobs available for MBBS graduates as well. Students pursuing this course can look forward to jobs in different hospitals or can start their private clinics after graduation. Following are popular job profiles and employment areas available after an MBBS:

Employment Areas
  • Hospitals

  • Nursing Homes

  • Laboratories

  • Medical Colleges

  • Biomedical Companies

  • Health Centres

  • Personal Clinic

  • Research Laboratories

  • Biotechnology Companies

  • Pharmaceutical Companies

Job Profiles
  • Junior Doctor

  • Physician

  • Junior Surgeon

  • Doctor

  • Scientist

  • Researcher

  • Medical Professor

  • Lecturer

  • Cardiologist

  • Neurologist

  • General Surgeon

  • Paediatrician

Top Recruiters
  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd

  • Medanta Hospitals

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd

  • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital

  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd

  • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre

  • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd

  • Wockhardt Ltd

  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd

  • Cipla Ltd

  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals

Salary After MBBS

  • The pay scale or salary after MBBS course depends on one’s experience in the field, their job role, the organisation they are working with and skills.

  • The starting salary of an MBBS graduate can range from INR 2.4 LPA to INR 5.7 LPA.

  • For someone at a senior position, the salary can range from INR 12.8 LPA to INR 65.4 LPA.