Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS)

About Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S.)

Unani System of Medicine & Surgery is one of the oldest medication systems in the world. Unani System originated in Greece and from there the system of medication was adopted by Middle-East and South-Asian countries.

B.U.M.S is a five-year undergraduate degree program that deals with the medical knowledge and applications of the Unani system and surgery. Unani system of medicine is different from regular medications (allopathy). In this, the healing process is done through the natural processes/ natural power of the body. As per the Unani System, the body has the power to heal itself. All that the human needs to do is identify the healing power within themselves and enhance it. It is known for treating various deadly diseases and disorders in a natural way as every man in the modern age is inflicted with the stress and anxieties which is a root cause of various diseases.

The system of medicine has been in practice since 6,000 years and is mainly based on the four components that are: earth, fire, water, and air. It is known for the treatment of weight loss, kidney stone, diabetes, psoriasis, arthritis and others.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S.) Eligibility Criteria

  • The minimum eligibility criteria required for the programme are mentioned below.

    • Minimum Qualification Required: 10+2
    • Minimum Marks Required (Aggregate): 50% to 55%, varies from college to college. It is mandatory to have studied science stream (physics, chemistry, biology) in class 12th
    • Minimum Age: 17 Years
    • Age Limit: Few colleges have an age limit as their eligibility criteria, it may vary from college to college.

B.U.M.S. Admission Processes in India

AYUSH courses across India are among highly sought after medical courses and as per government regulations, all candidates aspiring to pursue the course must appear for an entrance test. All admission, whether in private or government medical colleges in India, will be made on the basis of scores obtained either in national-level, state-level or university-level entrance tests, that are approved by the Ministry of AYUSH.

Check out the BUMS admission processes in India and the steps that you will be required to complete to successfully pursue a UG medical course in Unani in the country.

Entrance-Based BUMS Admissions

  • As mentioned, all candidates are required to attempt an entrance test, either at National (NEET-UG), State Level (OJEE, TS EAMCET, etc), or University Level (BVP CET).

  • After attempting an entrance test, depending on the admission and selection policy of the entrance test-conducting body / State / University, all candidates will be asked to participate in some form of a selection process.

  • The most common selection process includes a counselling-based selection process, wherein the respective conducting body will release merit lists containing the names of all candidates along with their respective marks and ranks obtained in the entrance exam.

  • Once the necessary merit lists have been released, each candidate will be asked to appear for the counselling rounds conducted by the competent authority on the stipulated date and time.

  • Here, each candidate will be called as per their ranks in the merit lists and be asked to select the course and college as per their choice and interests. This will be common in situations where there are numerous participating institutes offering the same course with limited seats.

  • On the basis of the choices made by the candidate, their respective ranks and scores as per the merit lists and the availability of seats in the individual choices, the relevant competent authority will offer provisional admissions to the courses.

Note: It shall be noted that the competent authority may conduct several rounds of counselling to fill out the vacant seats in different courses. As per the guidelines outlined by each competent authority, candidates will be able to participate in the counselling rounds if they wish to. 

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery Course Highlights


Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery

Short Name


Course Level


Course Type

Degree Programme




Unani Medicine

Course Duration

5.5 Years (4.5 Years for Academics and 1 Year for Internship)



Internship Duration 1 Year

Course Mode


Minimum Qualification Required

Class XII

Minimum Age

17 Years

Selection Process

Admission Through Entrance Exams

Course Fee

INR 50,000 to 6.3 Lakhs

Relevant Field 


Job Types

Consultant, Scientist, Hakeem, Therapist, Medical Assistant, Spa Director, Public Health Specialist, Pharmacist, etc.

Average Salary

INR 2 LPA – INR 11.7 LPA


B.U.M.S Syllabus.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S.) Career Options and Job Prospects

Various employment opportunities are available for B.U.M.S. graduates in both public and the private sector. Graduates can even start a private practice or self-practice as hakims. Unani pharmaceutical and pharmacy are also hiring B.U.M.S. graduates as there is a dearth of professionals in the Unani sector. The job profiles available for Unani graduates are the following:


Employment Areas
  • Govt. and Private Hospitals
  • Research Labs
  • Educational Institutes
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
  • Personal Clinic
  • Government Jobs
  • Life science industries
  • Healthcare Communities
  • Dispensaries
  • Unani Charitable institutions
Job Profiles
  • Hakim
  • Pharmacist
  • Unani Distributor
  • Lecturer/ Professor
  • Unani Consultant
  • Drug Inspector
  • Therapist
Salary Package
  • The salary of a fresher in the Unani field is between Rs. 2 lakh to Rs. 4 lakh annually.
  • With the years of experience and knowledge about the respective a field, an hakim can earn up to Rs. 6 lakh – Rs. 8 lakh annually.
  • With experience, the salary can increase up to INR 12 LPA.